Currently there people living in a state of uncertainty, wondering how much time they have left–will a matching donor appear in time? It is the worse feeling when your life hangs in the balance, in hope one of them is a match. This why scientists have tirelessly researching on the stem cells as an alternative for various medical conditions plaguing people around the world.
recently after many years the scientists, scientists at Edinburgh University to be exact in this case. Stated that one day it is possible lab-grown tissue could replace the need for transplant. Hence, it will increase the chance of patients beating the cancer that they’re afflicted with.
This only possible because stem cells able to arrange themselves into three-dimensional structure when a scaffold or mold is offered. The ability to grow organ in labs is the big goal that both the scientific and medical community are currently trying to achieve. Such breakthrough will change the way how medicine field works and saves many lives.
The ability to do so will greatly change the lives of both patients and the medical team as the need for transplant procedure will be eliminated and chances for patients to combat and survive from the fatal health issues they’re suffering from because they do not have to wait in a long anymore in order to find a matching donor.
The current stage of development for stem cells is at the point where scientists are trying to grow stem cells into liver cells. Though the stem cells required a backbone, scaffold in order to form three dimensional structure. So the scientists created a fiber mesh that was one centimeter square and a few millimeter thick. The human stem cells were grown for 60 days before loaded onto the scaffold to form their desired three dimensional structure.
Once completed, the formed structure then implanted under the skin of mice with potentially fatal genetic disorder disease called tyrosinemia. Mice with these implants showed signs of having fewer liver damage, lost of weight and low toxins level in their blood. According to scientists this indicates that stem cells, or lab grown cell can help to combat disease such as tyrosinemia, fifth biggest killer in United Kingdom.
As of currently, the only way to combat it is via transplant, though it can take months or even years before a patient could find a matching donor because the waiting list is very long. The less fortunate passed away before they could get a matching donor. The very reason these scientists been working hard to develop further lab grown cells from experimental stage to real and actual use in hospitals and medical institutions.